Liver transplant is a complex medical surgery that requires absolute precision and takes about 6 to 12 hours of operation time to complete. The procedure requires the surgeon to carefully cut an incision near the abdomen to cut the blood supply to the damaged organ and then remove it from the body. In the next step of the surgery, the surgeon places the healthy liver following with the reattachment process of the blood vessels and bile duct. Once all the attachments are done, the surgeon closes the incision with the help of surgical staples and sutures to avoid post-surgery infection.
The surgeon would prescribe an observation period of around 10-14 days to ensure fine working of the transplanted liver. With certain instructions and medications, the patient can recover quickly after a careful procedure under a good liver transplant doctor in India. The patient is required to maintain a healthy lifestyle routine with proper medication and well-balanced low-fat diet. Smoking and alcohol consumption are strictly banned during the recovery period to ensure no further damage is posed on the liver health.
Complex surgical procedures carry their own procedural complications that cannot be avoided in real scenario. These complications require immediate attention to contain them before they cause any possible damage. Some of the inherent complication that follow liver transplant are:
Rejection: Your immune system may attack and destroy the external body, i.e. the transplanted liver. This can happen at any time within the first 90 days of transplantation. To prevent this, you will be given anti-rejection medicines.
The biggest complication comes with the immune system rejection of the newly transplanted organ. The body may never accept the organ replacement and initiate an attack on the external body considering it a threat. This rejection generally happens within 90 days due to which doctors in Cost of liver transplant may prescribe anti-rejection medicines to avoid the terminal situation.
Next in the list is the threat regarding surgical infection. It may be caused due to lack of surgical care or due to the anti-rejection medicines given to suppress the behavior of the immune system.