Liver is a vital organ of the human body. Situated at the right side of the upper abdomen, liver is the largest solid organ in the body. It is the main metabolic organ, that produces protein building blocks called amino acids. It also regulates the blood sugar level, eliminates toxics out of blood, produces bile to digest the fats and stores the nutrients. Given the essential functions that it carries out, it is important to take good care of the liver for our well-being. Continuous ignorance of hepatic health often leads to the inability of the liver to perform the necessary functions. That is when the doctors suggest liver transplantation.
Now, the question arises. What is liver transplant?
Liver transplant is a surgery in which an unrecoverable liver from a patient’s body is replaced by a healthy liver of another person. It is suggested in the end stages of hepatic diseases.
Having an adequate knowledge about the liver is important for every person nowadays, since the day to day activities can often harm our liver. The initial stages of any hepatic disease may seem harmless, but it is exactly when a patient is supposed to consult a doctor. Liver related diseases develop and progress quickly, below mentioned are some diseases that can often lead to a Cost of liver transplant in India –
- Alcoholic Liver Disease
An outcome of alcohol abuse, ALD is a condition in which liver cells get scarred and replaced by fibroids, persistence of which causes cirrhosis, which can lead to organ failure.
- Chronic Hepatitis
Infected patients do not realize their condition until it worsens, in this case. Chronic hepatitis is a common reason behind liver transplantations. It causes inflammation in the liver that lasts for months. Mild symptoms include fatigue and loss of appetite.
- Autoimmune Hepatitis
This liver disease, according to liver transplant surgeon Dr. Vivek Vij, occurs when your immune system attacks your liver cells considering them to be foreign bodies that could be harmful for your body. AIH can result in cirrhosis, and even organ failure.
- Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
The progressed stage of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, in which fats are deposited in the liver cells. It leads to scarring of the liver cells, and a potential to damage the organ, causing its failure.
- Liver Tumor
The blood with maximum concentration of nutrients absorbed first passes through the liver, which can expose the cancer cells in the bloodstream to it. Hepatic tumors can be benign and cancerous.
All these diseases that are irreversible and can only be treated by a liver transplant, can be proved fatal if not acted upon soon. It is important that even the mildest of symptoms like fatigue, loss of appetite, pain in the right side of the abdomen, are reported to the doctor and are not taken lightly.