Why do you need a Liver Transplant?

Your liver is the biggest organ in your body, which performs over 500 functions and produces about 1000 enzymes and proteins that are essential for your good health. When the liver loses its capacity to regenerate and is unable to perform its basic functions, your doctor may recommend you a liver surgery. Since liver transplant is the only cure for all liver failures, it is very important to be aware of the severity of diseases. Sometimes, untreated liver conditions can become hazardous for your health. The reason for a liver transplant may vary depending upon the patient’s age and the seriousness of his/her condition. If you are suffering from any liver troubles, you can consult Dr. Vivek Vij, a prominent liver transplant surgeon of India. He practices at AILBS, which is one of the top liver transplant hospitals in India.

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When is it needed in children?

A common reason for liver transplant in children is biliary atresia, a condition when the bile ducts are unable to perform the process of carrying liquid bile from the child’s liver to bladder. Bile plays a crucial role in digesting foods components. In the initial stages, a reconstructive surgery may be recommended to the patient depending upon condition.

When is it needed in adults?

In adults, some of the most frequent conditions like viral hepatitis, excessive alcohol consumption, or fatty liver diseases are the major causes of liver damage. Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E can result in infection of liver cells, cause inflammation, swelling, and cells’ death and ultimately lead to complete destruction of the liver. If you need to get your liver transplanted, visit AILBS where Dr. Vivek Vij, a reputed surgeon will perform your liver surgery at the lowest possible cost of liver transplant in India.

Acute liver failures

People suffering from acute liver failures may need a liver transplant depending upon the condition of their liver. Severe complications that arise rapidly after long-term exposure to liver diseases like liver cirrhosis, or jaundice lead to acute liver failure or permanent liver damage. There are a number of reasons that cause liver failures, such as viral hepatitis, and fatty liver from pregnancy or excessive consumption of certain medicines.

Vascular disorders and miscellaneous conditions

Vascular diseases are concerned with the blood vessels. Sometimes patients with certain vascular diseases, such as BCS may need a liver transplant. BCS forms clotting in the liver veins, which slows down liver functioning. Miscellaneous conditions can cause liver failures like polycystic diseases (multiple cysts or sacs in liver) or Alagille syndrome (too few bile ducts in the liver). Therefore, keep a check on your liver troubles to determine acute conditions as soon as possible.

How to find the Right Liver Donor for Transplant Surgery?

A patient with end term hepatic illness, whose liver has been damaged to an extent where the condition cannot be treated, is suggested to undergo Liver Transplant Surgery. Liver transplantation involves the removal of a segment of a donor’s healthy liver and the replacement of the recipient’s damaged liver with the same. The urgency of a transplant surgery solely depends upon the severity of the patient’s disease.

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There are two types of donors, living donors and cadaveric donors. Based upon the evaluation of urgency, a patient is listed on the cadaveric donation list. However, in case of living donor, finding the correct liver donor may be a hassle. Dr. Vivek Vij, a renowned Liver Surgeon with the highest success rate (100% donor success rate) of liver transplant success rate in India, states that it is mandatory to match the blood group of donor and recipient before the transplant surgery so as to avoid acute rejection of the transplanted organ, which can even cause death.

While looking for a living donor, it must be scrutinized that the donor is not under any financial or emotional pressure to donate his organ, and agrees out of sheer willingness. Dr. Vivek Vij, the top liver surgeon, Member of International Liver Transplant Society (ILTS), Chicago with the highest Cost of Liver Transplant in India, states that a complete health checkup of the donor is mandatory. It is to be ensured that the donor is capable of recovery post surgery, and there will be least complications possible. The hepatic health and lifestyle of a potential donor are also scrutinized well before the surgery. A donor cannot be alcoholic, pregnant, obese, smoker or suffering from any psychiatric illness.

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Meeting the basic medical requirements is necessary to ensure the well being of both, donor and the recipient. Finding the right Liver Donor for a Transplant Surgery is a long process, however, living donor requires comparatively lesser time.

All You Need to Know About Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis is an autoimmune hepatic disorder. It is a progressive disease that females are more prone to than males. The onset stage of this hepatic disease causes inflammation in the bile based ducts within the liver, and progresses to damage them. The damage further morphs into destroying the bile ducts completely. This is an irreversible liver disease.

The diagnosis of the life-threatening disease, Primary Biliary Cirrhosis, calls out for an urgent Liver Transplant surgery for the patient. Since the disease can be potentially fatal during the end-stages, the patient is suggested to get the damaged liver transplanted at the earliest so as to avoid further damage in the bile ducts. According to Dr. Vivek Vij, the best success rate of liver transplant, having the lowest biliary complication rate (<4%) in living donor Liver Transplant (LDLT) worldwide; states that there are four stages of this disease; the first causes inflammation in the upper right abdominal region, which progresses into fibrosis in the second stage, carried along with the inflammation. The third stage of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis causes bridging of fibrosis, rapidly progressing towards the fourth stage, wherein, the fibroids develop into cirrhosis of the liver.

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Similar to the other liver diseases, Primary Biliary Cirrhosis too is asymptomatic until it develops into the end stage cirrhosis. This disease is not diagnosed until a patient undergoes blood tests and checkups routinely, which show degradation or failure in the liver’s ability to perform its functions. Dr. Vivek Vij, the top Liver Transplant surgeon with the highest success rate (100% donor success rate), offering the lowest cost of Liver Transplant in India; states that mild symptoms like chronic fatigue, yellow discoloration of face and eyes, dark colored urine, fever, loss of appetite and nausea are alarming signs of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis. There is no cure to this hereditarily acquired disease. Medicinal therapy albeit can only reduce the speed of damage being caused to the liver. The disease can only be treated through a Liver Transplantation.

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis causes a major damage to liver. The disease accentuates rapidly and can be fatal. It is therefore strongly suggested not to take hepatic health lightly, and consult a doctor upon experiencing even the mildest of symptoms to avoid serious conditions.

Who needs a Liver Transplant Surgery?

Liver, the second largest organ of the human body, is primarily responsible for metabolism, production of proteins and is important for blood clotting. In case of unrecoverable liver disease, when the liver loses its ability to perform vital functions, a Liver Transplant Surgery can be performed to save the life of the patient.

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Liver transplant is a complex surgery performed upon patients whose liver gets damaged beyond treatment possibilities and its ability to perform functions deteriorates. It is during the end stage hepatic illness, in which the patient has more possibility to lose his life than to recover that a Liver Transplant Surgery is performed. The damaged liver of the patient is surgically removed and replaced with a section of donor’s liver, which eventually regenerates into a whole. According to Dr. Vivek Vij, a renowned Liver Transplant Surgeon with the highest top 5 liver transplant hospitals in Delhi (100% donor success rate); the conditions in which a transplant is required may be benign or malignant.

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People who need a Liver Transplant Surgery typically have one of the following conditions:

Fulminant Hepatic Failure, commonly known as Acute Liver Failure, is a catastrophic hepatic condition in which the liver fails to function without any previously-occurred liver illness. The primary manifestation of Acute Liver Failure is Hepatitis A, B, or E. According to Dr. Vivek Vij, a reputed Liver Transplant Surgeon, offering reasonable Cost of liver transplant in india loss of 70-80% of the liver cells leads to improper functioning of liver, which eventually results in the failure of the organ. Liver diseases progress rapidly and are often asymptomatic. But, the ignorance of the same causes the liver to collapse. Patients have a less chance of survival in case of Acute Liver Failure, and therefore a transplant surgery becomes the need of the hour, to save the life of the patient.

Chronic Hepatic Diseases are hepatic conditions that progressively damage the liver in the long run. Liver diseases show mild symptoms and develop rapidly until a reversible condition develops into a rather serious illness that the symptoms become visibly dominant. CLD damages liver tissues, and deteriorates the functioning ability of the liver. Cirrhosis, Alcoholic Liver Diseases, Hepatitis Infections and other hepatic illness, which degenerate the liver tissues can only be treated by a Liver Transplant Surgery.

Liver transplant surgeries are only performed during the last stages of hepatic illness. It can be avoided by consulting your liver doctor regularly to avoid complications that progress. Treating hepatic illnesses during their onset stage and taking precautions to avoid their recurrence in future, avoids them to develop into an irreversible condition.

Acute Liver Failure: Symptoms and Prevention

Fulminant Hepatic Failure, commonly known as acute liver failure, is a catastrophic hepatic condition in which the liver fails to function, without any previously occurred liver illness. The primary manifestation of acute liver failure is Hepatitis A, B, or E virus. Loss of 70-80% of the liver cells, making the liver unable to function causes acute liver failure. Liver diseases rapidly progress, showing mild symptoms initially. But, ignorance of the same can cause the liver to collapse. Without any history of hepatic illness, a person can experience an acute liver failure. Patients who have less chances of survival, often have to be treated by a liver transplant.

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According to Dr. Vivek Vij, who has the highest success rate of liver transplant in Delhi, patients experience mild symptoms before the liver collapses, these may include yellowing of skin and eyes, discomfort in the upper right abdomen, fatigue, nausea, malaise, dark colored urine, and vomiting. The life threatening disease can develop rapidly in a healthy person. It occurs when the liver cells are damaged beyond recovery, because of which the liver fails to function. The causes of Acute Liver Failure may include progression of Hepatitis A, B, and E infections in the body, cancer, vascular diseases, metabolic illness like Wilson’s disease, toxins etc. Several cases of acute liver failure do not have an apparent cause.

16807375_618233325043555_8080585998150471629_nAcute liver disease can be fatal, and therefore necessary preventive measures must be taken by people. Risk of acute liver failure can be reduced by moderating alcohol consumption, consuming a balanced diet, exercising regularly to avoid obesity, getting vaccinated against hepatitis A, B, and E, maintaining personal hygiene, avoiding polygamous sexual contacts, using protection during sexual intercourse, ensuring clean environment while getting a tattoo or piercing, and not sharing needles, razors, toothbrush etc. Dr. Vivek Vij, who has the highest success rate of liver transplant in India suggest that preventive measures must be taken because majority of liver illnesses progress rapidly into an unrecoverable condition, which can only be treated by a liver transplant surgery.

It is important that a person regularly consults their doctor even upon facing the mildest symptoms since they can be warning sign of development of a serious hepatic condition. The risk of acute liver failure can only be reduced by keeping you liver healthy.

Fatty Liver (Hepatic Steatosis)

Steatosis, commonly known as Fatty Liver, is condition in which the fats accumulate in the liver. The degeneration of fats is reduced since the liver is unable to process them.  This results in the buildup of fats in the liver cells. Fatty liver is a reversing condition, it can be treated by changed behaviours in diet and routine. But, it is important that a person consults a doctor in this case, since steatosis can develop into cirrhosis, whose end stage is organ failure.

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The onset stage can progress quickly and cause the scarring of tissues and replacement of the same by fibroids, or the end stage in which the liver fails to function. If precautions aren’t taken on time, the disease, as harmless it may seem, may progress to a fatal one,  as stated by Dr. Vivek Vij, having conducted more than 2500 cumulative top 5 liver transplant hospitals in Delhi.

The dietary therapy for reversing the condition depends solely upon the cause of this disease. Cost of liver transplant in India, top liver transplant surgeon of India, different forms of fatty liver need to be treated differently, as mentioned below:

  1. Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

This type of fatty liver is the outcome of alcohol abuse. Liver enzymes can only metabolize a certain amount of alcohol, therefore the excessive consumption of alcohol regularly, can lead to the inability of the organ to process fats. This is the onset stage of Liver Cirrhosis, which can often prove fatal. A patient must ensure to monitor their diet and behavior in this stage only, to avoid the steatosis to develop into cirrhosis. The following care must be taken by the patient to reverse this condition-

  • Abstinence from alcohol
  • Exercising regularly
  • Adequate supply of energy

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  1. Non-Alcoholic Liver Fatty Disease

Whilst alcohol is the major reason behind steatosis, there are factors other than alcohol that often cause the accumulation of fats in the liver. The difficulty in breaking down fats can be because of obesity, high consumption of fats, high blood sugar etc. A patient must ensure of the following to reverse the disease-

  • Weight reduction
  • Minimum intake of high sugar
  • Avoidance of fats
  • Maintained blood sugar regulation
  • Exercising regularly

It is widely suggested by doctors that a patient makes sure that fatty liver does not develop into a rather harming disease, it is important that a patient consults their doctor regularly during this stage only.

All You Need To Know About Liver Transplantation Surgery

What comes first to our mind when you hear the term liver? Liver – an essential organ that performs multiple functions from blood clotting and protein production to glucose (sugar), cholesterol, and iron metabolism. Liver performs over 500 functions, many of which are vital to life.  A little disturbance in the liver can have a life-threatening effect on the body. In case, any of the functions of the liver cease, the body may not be able to survive for more than a day.

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As per Dr. Vivek Vij, Director of ‘Liver transplant and Gastrointestinal Surgery’ at Fortis Group of Hospitals, there are many conditions that causes liver problems. Below list elaborates some early liver diseases symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weakness and decreases weight
  • Falling mental functions

Some Serious Symptoms that Require Urgent Care:

  • Jaundice
  • Bleeding easily
  • Sleepiness
  • Coma
  • Feeling sick in stomach
  • Mental disorientation

Liver Transplantation:

In general terms, a liver transplant is referred to the process of removing the diseased liver and replacing it with a healthy one. It is usually specified for ones whose liver issue is very advanced that other forms of medical care will not provide with a trouble-free life. An effective medical treatment can delay, but not eradicate the need for a liver transplant.

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Risks associated with Liver Transplant Procedure :

The entire process of liver transplantation carries a list of significant complications. There are risks linked with the surgery process itself as well as with the drugs essential to prevent rejection of the donor’s liver after the surgery. However, standing amongst the list of top 10 gastroenterologists in India, Dr. Vivek Vij is renowned for performing transplants with minimum possible complications.

  • Bleeding continue
  • Failure of donated liver
  • Rejection of donated liver
  • Mental seizures

It doesn’t matter whether you’re waiting for a donated liver or you are already scheduled for the transplant surgery, it is important that you work and exercise to stay healthy. Being healthy and active will more likely help not worsen the situation till your transplant. Besides, it may also help in speedy recovery post the surgery.