Know about the diseases that lead to Liver transplant

Liver is a vital organ of the human body. Situated at the right side of the upper abdomen, liver is the largest solid organ in the body. It is the main metabolic organ, that produces protein building blocks called amino acids. It also regulates the blood sugar level, eliminates toxics out of blood, produces bile to digest the fats and stores the nutrients. Given the essential functions that it carries out, it is important to take good care of the liver for our well-being. Continuous ignorance of hepatic health often leads to the inability of the liver to perform the necessary functions. That is when the doctors suggest liver transplantation.


Now, the question arises. What is liver transplant?

Liver transplant is a surgery in which an unrecoverable liver from a patient’s body is replaced by a healthy liver of another person. It is suggested in the end stages of hepatic diseases.

Having an adequate knowledge about the liver is important for every person nowadays, since the day to day activities can often harm our liver. The initial stages of any hepatic disease may seem harmless, but it is exactly when a patient is supposed to consult a doctor. Liver related diseases develop and progress quickly, below mentioned are some diseases that can often lead to a Cost of liver transplant in India

  1. Alcoholic Liver Disease

An outcome of alcohol abuse, ALD is a condition in which liver cells get scarred and replaced by fibroids, persistence of which causes cirrhosis, which can lead to organ failure.

  1. Chronic Hepatitis

Infected patients do not realize their condition until it worsens, in this case. Chronic hepatitis is a common reason behind liver transplantations. It causes inflammation in the liver that lasts for months. Mild symptoms include fatigue and loss of appetite.

  1. Autoimmune Hepatitis

This liver disease, according to liver transplant surgeon Dr. Vivek Vij, occurs when your immune system attacks your liver cells considering them to be foreign bodies that could be harmful for your body. AIH can result in cirrhosis, and even organ failure.

  1. Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)

The progressed stage of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, in which fats are deposited in the liver cells. It leads to scarring of the liver cells, and a potential to damage the organ, causing its failure.

  1. Liver Tumor

The blood with maximum concentration of nutrients absorbed first passes through the liver, which can expose the cancer cells in the bloodstream to it. Hepatic tumors can be benign and cancerous.


All these diseases that are irreversible and can only be treated by a liver transplant, can be proved fatal if not acted upon soon. It is important that even the mildest of symptoms like fatigue, loss of appetite, pain in the right side of the abdomen, are reported to the doctor and are not taken lightly.


Acute Liver Failure: Symptoms and Prevention

Fulminant Hepatic Failure, commonly known as acute liver failure, is a catastrophic hepatic condition in which the liver fails to function, without any previously occurred liver illness. The primary manifestation of acute liver failure is Hepatitis A, B, or E virus. Loss of 70-80% of the liver cells, making the liver unable to function causes acute liver failure. Liver diseases rapidly progress, showing mild symptoms initially. But, ignorance of the same can cause the liver to collapse. Without any history of hepatic illness, a person can experience an acute liver failure. Patients who have less chances of survival, often have to be treated by a liver transplant.


According to Dr. Vivek Vij, who has the highest success rate of liver transplant in Delhi, patients experience mild symptoms before the liver collapses, these may include yellowing of skin and eyes, discomfort in the upper right abdomen, fatigue, nausea, malaise, dark colored urine, and vomiting. The life threatening disease can develop rapidly in a healthy person. It occurs when the liver cells are damaged beyond recovery, because of which the liver fails to function. The causes of Acute Liver Failure may include progression of Hepatitis A, B, and E infections in the body, cancer, vascular diseases, metabolic illness like Wilson’s disease, toxins etc. Several cases of acute liver failure do not have an apparent cause.

16807375_618233325043555_8080585998150471629_nAcute liver disease can be fatal, and therefore necessary preventive measures must be taken by people. Risk of acute liver failure can be reduced by moderating alcohol consumption, consuming a balanced diet, exercising regularly to avoid obesity, getting vaccinated against hepatitis A, B, and E, maintaining personal hygiene, avoiding polygamous sexual contacts, using protection during sexual intercourse, ensuring clean environment while getting a tattoo or piercing, and not sharing needles, razors, toothbrush etc. Dr. Vivek Vij, who has the highest success rate of liver transplant in India suggest that preventive measures must be taken because majority of liver illnesses progress rapidly into an unrecoverable condition, which can only be treated by a liver transplant surgery.

It is important that a person regularly consults their doctor even upon facing the mildest symptoms since they can be warning sign of development of a serious hepatic condition. The risk of acute liver failure can only be reduced by keeping you liver healthy.

Fatty Liver (Hepatic Steatosis)

Steatosis, commonly known as Fatty Liver, is condition in which the fats accumulate in the liver. The degeneration of fats is reduced since the liver is unable to process them.  This results in the buildup of fats in the liver cells. Fatty liver is a reversing condition, it can be treated by changed behaviours in diet and routine. But, it is important that a person consults a doctor in this case, since steatosis can develop into cirrhosis, whose end stage is organ failure.


The onset stage can progress quickly and cause the scarring of tissues and replacement of the same by fibroids, or the end stage in which the liver fails to function. If precautions aren’t taken on time, the disease, as harmless it may seem, may progress to a fatal one,  as stated by Dr. Vivek Vij, having conducted more than 2500 cumulative top 5 liver transplant hospitals in Delhi.

The dietary therapy for reversing the condition depends solely upon the cause of this disease. Cost of liver transplant in India, top liver transplant surgeon of India, different forms of fatty liver need to be treated differently, as mentioned below:

  1. Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

This type of fatty liver is the outcome of alcohol abuse. Liver enzymes can only metabolize a certain amount of alcohol, therefore the excessive consumption of alcohol regularly, can lead to the inability of the organ to process fats. This is the onset stage of Liver Cirrhosis, which can often prove fatal. A patient must ensure to monitor their diet and behavior in this stage only, to avoid the steatosis to develop into cirrhosis. The following care must be taken by the patient to reverse this condition-

  • Abstinence from alcohol
  • Exercising regularly
  • Adequate supply of energy


  1. Non-Alcoholic Liver Fatty Disease

Whilst alcohol is the major reason behind steatosis, there are factors other than alcohol that often cause the accumulation of fats in the liver. The difficulty in breaking down fats can be because of obesity, high consumption of fats, high blood sugar etc. A patient must ensure of the following to reverse the disease-

  • Weight reduction
  • Minimum intake of high sugar
  • Avoidance of fats
  • Maintained blood sugar regulation
  • Exercising regularly

It is widely suggested by doctors that a patient makes sure that fatty liver does not develop into a rather harming disease, it is important that a patient consults their doctor regularly during this stage only.

All You Need To Know About Liver Transplantation Surgery

What comes first to our mind when you hear the term liver? Liver – an essential organ that performs multiple functions from blood clotting and protein production to glucose (sugar), cholesterol, and iron metabolism. Liver performs over 500 functions, many of which are vital to life.  A little disturbance in the liver can have a life-threatening effect on the body. In case, any of the functions of the liver cease, the body may not be able to survive for more than a day.


As per Dr. Vivek Vij, Director of ‘Liver transplant and Gastrointestinal Surgery’ at Fortis Group of Hospitals, there are many conditions that causes liver problems. Below list elaborates some early liver diseases symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weakness and decreases weight
  • Falling mental functions

Some Serious Symptoms that Require Urgent Care:

  • Jaundice
  • Bleeding easily
  • Sleepiness
  • Coma
  • Feeling sick in stomach
  • Mental disorientation

Liver Transplantation:

In general terms, a liver transplant is referred to the process of removing the diseased liver and replacing it with a healthy one. It is usually specified for ones whose liver issue is very advanced that other forms of medical care will not provide with a trouble-free life. An effective medical treatment can delay, but not eradicate the need for a liver transplant.


Risks associated with Liver Transplant Procedure :

The entire process of liver transplantation carries a list of significant complications. There are risks linked with the surgery process itself as well as with the drugs essential to prevent rejection of the donor’s liver after the surgery. However, standing amongst the list of top 10 gastroenterologists in India, Dr. Vivek Vij is renowned for performing transplants with minimum possible complications.

  • Bleeding continue
  • Failure of donated liver
  • Rejection of donated liver
  • Mental seizures

It doesn’t matter whether you’re waiting for a donated liver or you are already scheduled for the transplant surgery, it is important that you work and exercise to stay healthy. Being healthy and active will more likely help not worsen the situation till your transplant. Besides, it may also help in speedy recovery post the surgery.