A patient with end term hepatic illness, whose liver has been damaged to an extent where the condition cannot be treated, is suggested to undergo Liver Transplant Surgery. Liver transplantation involves the removal of a segment of a donor’s healthy liver and the replacement of the recipient’s damaged liver with the same. The urgency of a transplant surgery solely depends upon the severity of the patient’s disease.
There are two types of donors, living donors and cadaveric donors. Based upon the evaluation of urgency, a patient is listed on the cadaveric donation list. However, in case of living donor, finding the correct liver donor may be a hassle. Dr. Vivek Vij, a renowned Liver Surgeon with the highest success rate (100% donor success rate) of liver transplant success rate in India, states that it is mandatory to match the blood group of donor and recipient before the transplant surgery so as to avoid acute rejection of the transplanted organ, which can even cause death.
While looking for a living donor, it must be scrutinized that the donor is not under any financial or emotional pressure to donate his organ, and agrees out of sheer willingness. Dr. Vivek Vij, the top liver surgeon, Member of International Liver Transplant Society (ILTS), Chicago with the highest Cost of Liver Transplant in India, states that a complete health checkup of the donor is mandatory. It is to be ensured that the donor is capable of recovery post surgery, and there will be least complications possible. The hepatic health and lifestyle of a potential donor are also scrutinized well before the surgery. A donor cannot be alcoholic, pregnant, obese, smoker or suffering from any psychiatric illness.
Meeting the basic medical requirements is necessary to ensure the well being of both, donor and the recipient. Finding the right Liver Donor for a Transplant Surgery is a long process, however, living donor requires comparatively lesser time.